Territorial disputes over the Kashmir region sparked two of the three major Indo-Pakistani wars in 1947 and 1965, and a limited war in 1999. Although both countries have maintained a fragile cease-fire since 2003, they regularly exchange fire across the contested border, known as the Line of Control.
What is the major source of conflict between India and Pakistan today?
The Kashmir issue is the root cause of direct and proxy wars between the two countries. This is the key factor that inspired both of the states to get nuclear weapons. Both Pakistan and India have started an arm race to acquire the weapons of mass destruction.
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The new countries were India and Pakistan. … Britain had ruled India for almost 200 years, but in August 1947 that all came to an end. What was British India was divided into two independent states which would rule themselves: India, and Pakistan. Pakistan was split across two areas, which were 1,240 miles apart.
Has Pakistan ever won a war?
Closer home, in 73 years marked with four large wars against two adversaries, China and Pakistan, two have ended decisively. It is easy to remember the one we won, in 1971 against Pakistan, and impossible to forget the one we lost, in 1962 to China.
Who has control of Kashmir?
The region is divided amongst three countries in a territorial dispute: Pakistan controls the northwest portion (Northern Areas and Kashmir), India controls the central and southern portion (Jammu and Kashmir) and Ladakh, and the People’s Republic of China controls the northeastern portion (Aksai Chin and the Trans- …
Has India ever started a war?
Since India gained its independence in 1947, it has waged four wars intermittently by the 1970s against Pakistan (Indo-Pakistani Wars) and China (the India-China War).