The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28 to 31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the University of Calcutta.
Who was the real founder of Indian National Congress?
Retired British Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer Allan Octavian Hume founded the Indian National Congress (A political party of India (British India to Free India)) in order to form a platform for civil and political dialogue among educated Indians.
Who founded Indian National Congress and Class 8?
The party was formed by a civil servant named Allan Octavian Hume who was a Britisher. The party was formed with a total of 72 delegates from all the provinces and presidencies of India. They all met in Bombay from the 28th to 30th December 1885.
Who started Quit India movement?
The ‘Quit India’ movement, more than anything, united the Indian people against British rule. Although most demonstrations had been suppressed by 1944, upon his release in 1944 Gandhi continued his resistance and went on a 21-day fast.
Who were moderates Class 8?
During the first 20 years, after it was formed the Congress was “moderate” in its objectives and methods. Some of the ‘Moderate’ leaders were Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, Badruddin Tyabji, W.C. Bonnerji, Surendranath Banerji, Romesh Chandra Dutt and S. Subramania Iyer.
Who were extremists of India?
The period between 1906-1919 in the national movement is known as the era of extremists. National leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Aravinda Ghosh played important role in this phase.
Who were Assertives?
Answer: The Assertive were led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, and Lala Lajpat Rai at the time of the Congress split. They were also called Lal-Bal-Pal. Question 22: Name two of the books written by Lala Lajpat Rai.
Who were moderates How did they propose to struggle?
The leaders of Congress in the first twenty years of its formation were termed as moderate. They proposed to struggle against the British in a non- violent manner. They wanted to develop public awareness about the unjust nature of British rule.