Who governed India until 1858?

India
Viceroy
• 1858–1862 (first) Charles Canning
• 1947 (last) Louis Mountbatten
Secretary of State

Was India rich before British rule?

In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.

Why did Britain give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

Who Ruled India?

India was afterwards ruled directly by the British Crown, in the British Raj. After World War I, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congress, led by Mahatma Gandhi, and noted for nonviolence.

Is India owned by the Queen?

Queen Victoria became Empress of India in May 1876. … India had been under crown rule since 1858, and before this under the dominion of the East India Company, who took control in 1757.

Who ruled India in 1700?

The British, 1600–1740.

Who were the worst sufferers under British rule?

Peasants were among the worst sufferers of British rule. However, peasants resisted the exploitation and started to organize collective protests and movements against the policies.

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