About 42% of India’s land area is facing drought, with 6% exceptionally dry–four times the spatial extent of drought last year, according to data for the week ending March 26, 2019, from the Drought Early Warning System (DEWS), a real-time drought monitoring platform.
Is India affected by drought?
In India in recent years, flash droughts occurred in 1986, 2001 and 2015. The 2001 flash drought-affected north and central India while the 1986 and 2015 flash droughts were more widespread, impacting crop production.
Which state in India is particularly affected by drought?
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the most affected States. More info on the drought in India.
What are the major drought prone areas of India?
Distribution of drought prone areas
- NORTH. Jammu and Kashmir – Ladakh.
- Himachal Pradesh – Lahaul and Spiti.
- Punjab – South west, Malwa.
- Haryana – South west.
- Uttarakhand – Kumaon.
- Uttar Pradesh – Bundelkhand.
- WEST. Rajasthan – Marwar, parts of Mewar.
- Gujarat – Kachchh, north Kathiwar.
How can we prevent drought?
Being mindful of the amount of water you use each day can be a powerful way to prevent droughts. Turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth, watering your garden early in the morning so less water evaporates, and installing low-flow plumbing fixtures all are good ways to prevent wasted water.
Which two states are worst affected by drought in India?
In terms of affected crop area, Karnataka was the worst off (450,000 ha), followed by Odisha (385,000 ha) and Assam 265,000 (ha). Gujarat and MP were yet to report impact on cropping. Most of the flooding — especially in those two states — were in August, when a 25 per cent excess rainfall broke a 44-year record.
Which state is most affected by drought?
The states experiencing the most intense drought are Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, and New Mexico. These states in the Southwest developed severe to exceptional drought in 2020 as La Niña conditions and a failed 2020 summer monsoon contributed to the lack of rainfall in the region.
How long do droughts last in India?
Rainfed areas are highly drought-prone. On an average, India’s rainfed regions suffer from drought every three years. Often the drought persists for three to six years and affects availability of water for people and livestock and crop and fodder production.
Which year declared drought in India?
From 1871 to 2002, India has witnessed 22 major droughts each in 1873, 1877, 1899, 1901, 1904, 1905, 1911, 1918, 1920, 1941, 1951, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1972, 1974, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1987, and 2002 and five of them were severe.