1) Government make it mandrit to hold regular election for local bodies. 2) One – third of the seat were save for women in every area. 3) Reservation for sc,st,obc was done.
What are main features of decentralization?
Decentralization refers to a specific form of organizational structure where the top management delegates decision-making responsibilities and daily operations to middle and lower subordinates. The top management can thus concentrate on making major decisions with greater time abundance.
What are the three features of decentralization?
Following are the salient characteristics of decentralisation: (i) It is an expanded version of delegation of authority. (ii) It increases the significance of the role of subordinates. (iii) It is a process which is applicable to the organisation as a whole.
What is decentralization explain the features of decentralization of 1992?
Major steps that were taken towards decentralisation in 1992 were: It was made obligatory to hold elections for choosing members of local governmental institutions. Seats were reserved for people belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other backward classes in local bodies.
What are the two ways of decentralisation in India?
Power shared between Central and State governments to local government is called the Decentralization of government. The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies. … The nature of sharing however varies from state to state.
What are the advantages of decentralization?
Advantages of Decentralisation:
- Reduces the burden on top executives: …
- Facilitates diversification: …
- To provide product and market emphasis: …
- Executive Development: …
- It promotes motivation: …
- Better control and supervision: …
- Quick Decision-Making:
What are the goals of decentralization?
Decentralization also aims at an economic and political system that responds more closely to people’s preferences and requirements. By bridging the gap between suppliers and users of goods and services, decentralization measures are expected to achieve three major objectives: Improved efficiency in service provision.
What is an example of decentralization?
An example of a decentralized organization is a fast-food franchise chain. Each franchised restaurant in the chain is responsible for its own operation. Broadly speaking, companies start out as centralized organizations and then progress towards decentralization as they mature.
What is power decentralization?
When power is taken away from Central and State governments and given to local government, it is called decentralisation. The basic idea behind decentralisation is that there are a large number of problems and issues which are best settled at the local level.
What are the key features of federalism?
Key Features of Federalism:
- There are two or more levels (or tiers) of government.
- Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration.
What are the five features of federalism?
There are two or more levels of government. Different levels of government govern the same citizens, where each level has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration. Existence and authority of each level of government is constitutionally governed.
Why do we need decentralisation in India?
We need decentralization because: 1) People have better knowledge of problems in their localities. 2)They also have better ideas on where to spend money and how to manage things more efficiently. 3)At the local level it is possible for the people to directly participate in decision making.
How is decentralisation Practised India?
Power shared between Central and State governments to local government is called the Decentralization of government. It is also called third tier of the government. The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies. The nature of sharing however varies from state to state.
When did decentralization start in India?
In 1993, the Government of India passed a series of constitutional reforms, designed to democratise and empower local political bodies – the Panchayats.